Halifax football fans should know by Canada Day whether their city will get a CFL team.
One of the principle owners of the proposed franchise, Anthony LeBlanc, told the Chronicle Herald that he expects the Halifax Regional Council to consider their proposal to build a new stadium in late spring, and that the group will finalize its plan shortly after.
“Everybody agrees that we have to figure out if this is a go or a no-go by the midpoint of this year,” he said.
LeBlanc and his partners have been negotiating the purchase of a plot of land that they hope will serve as the home of a 24,000-seat stadium for the franchise — the Atlantic Schooners.
The cost of the facility was first estimated between $170 million and $190 million, but the group has revised that amount to $130 million.
When B.C. farmer Susan Russell suddenly
lost a sheep to a deadly parasite, she knew she had a problem.
But it wasn’t until she heard from other sheep farmers who were experiencing similar problems that she realized the extent of the predicament.
Sheep farmers across the country have been losing lambs and ewes to a tropical parasite, known as the barber’s pole worm, or haemonchus contortus. Researchers say the worm has existed in Canada for decades, but the parasite’s population has flourished in recent years partly because of warmer weather.
“This has definitely become a major problem
for producers,” said Russell, who has farmed a small flock of sheep for decades.
“We’re all finding that it’s impacting how we can raise sheep.”
These worms usually measure around two centimetres and grow to adulthood in the digestive tract of sheep. Their larvae die off in the winter when the temperature goes below freezing, but thrive in the summer when it’s hot and wet and can live for months before being ingested by sheep.
When the worm’s reach adulthood, the worms drain the blood and protein out of the host sheep, which then die.
The worm’s population can grow very
quickly, depending on how warm and wet the summer is, said Dr. Paul Menzies, a
professor at the veterinary college at the University of Guelph. A farm can very
quickly go from having no parasites on it to having animals dying from an
infestation, she said.
“The warmer and wetter our summers are, the more issues we’re going to have with haemonchus,” said Menzies.
Warmer summers and longer grazing seasons in recent years have given the worms more opportunity to build up massive populations, she said.
While researchers and farmers blame climate change for creating conditions in which the worms have thrived, a resistance some worms have to drugs that farmers use deworm sheep is compounding the problem. If a farmer deworms all of his or her sheep during the winter in the barn, they will be exposing all of the barber’s pole worms on the farm to the drug, as the parasite can’t live out on pasture during the winter.
The worms who survive the deworming will
only be the ones who are resistant to the drug and there will not be others
left to compete with them, Menzies said.
The parasite can be very deadly quickly after infection. Farmers can deworm their sheep and then see them die less than two weeks later because so many have been surviving the deworming drugs, Menzies said.
The parasites can also be hard to detect.
While most worms cause animals to have diarrhea, barber’s pole worm does not.
The only known way to check for the parasite is by looking at the inside of the
lower eyelid to see how pale it is.
“We call it sudden death because these are
often not sheep that look sick, but they can go from being fine to almost
completely dropping dead,” said Menzies.
Gwyneth Jones, a sheep farmer who also teaches
at St. May’s University in Halifax, N.S., stumbled across the problem in 2012, when
she invited some of her students to conduct research on her own sheep at her
farm on the Bay of Fundy.
By examining sheep faeces, the students
found that the number of the parasite’s eggs on her pasture had sky rocketed
since the last time Jones had conducted such research in 1997.
Jones said she was lucky to catch the
problem early enough that she was able to closely monitoring her sheep for the
parasite, but it has been devastating for others, who have lost many animals to
It was particularly devastating for many
sheep farmers in 2012, 2013 and 2014, Jones said.
“I know a number of particularly new
entrants were discouraged and gave up fairly quickly. I know a number of people
gave up raising sheep in those years,” she said.
Researchers have been developing techniques for farmers to lower the risk of the parasite developing on their farm. Some of these include only deworming sheep when necessary and to closely monitor them for the parasite.
Researchers have also been working to
develop new drugs that the parasites are not resistant to.
“In general, it certainly was and continues
to be a serious issue, but now people are much better informed about what’s
going on and understand the importance of weather conditions,” said Jones.
A Hansport, N.S. mother miraculously pulled her daughter from a car that was sinking into an icy pond Sunday.
Ashley Holland had thought she was going to die when she hit a patch of black ice, sending her car hurtling into the pond, according to CBC. But Holland managed to get out and haul her four-year-old daughter, Macy, out of the car just as freezing water was rushing in all around them.
“When something like that happens, it’s like your parental instincts just kick in, right? And you do what you need to do to get your child to safety,” Holland told CBC.
Once she freed her daughter, the two swam to safety and flagged down a passing driver, who called 911. Firefighters, who happened to be driving by at the time, stopped and gave the pair warm clothes and blankets.
“You see stories like this on the news all the time, you know through winter and even in the summer, and it’s like a lot of them don’t make it,” Holland told CBC. “So I’m just thankful that, you know, we did.”